The Four Stages of Property Investment Competence

By Matthew Moody | Coaching

Based on psychological works by Broadwell, Burch and Maslow, this model for learning has been used as a basis for learning new skills since the 70’s and is a perfect model for understanding why humans learn in the way they do.

Here's what typical competence learning patterns look like

The Four Stages of Competence
  1. Unconscious incompetence
    The individual does not understand or know how to do something and does not necessarily recognize the deficit. They may deny the usefulness of the skill. The individual must recognize their own incompetence, and the value of the new skill, before moving on to the next stage. The length of time an individual spends in this stage depends on the strength of the stimulus to learn.

  2. Conscious incompetence
    Though the individual does not understand or know how to do something, they recognize the deficit, as well as the value of a new skill in addressing the deficit. The making of mistakes can be integral to the learning process at this stage.

  3. Conscious competence
    The individual understands or knows how to do something. However, demonstrating the skill or knowledge requires concentration. It may be broken down into steps, and there is heavy conscious involvement in executing the new skill.

  4. Unconscious competence
    The individual has had so much practice with a skill that it has become "second nature" and can be performed easily. As a result, the skill can be performed while executing another task. The individual may be able to teach it to others, depending upon how and when it was learned.


If we look at how we can utilise this model for the purposes of learning new skills, you can see how the more time spent in learning a subject and becoming immersed in it means the better we will become at this skill.

The best and quickest way of doing this is to work with a coach.

A coach will:

  • Ask you the questions that you don’t know to ask
  • Get you to question your skillset or mindfulness about an activity
  • Challenge you to grow your skills
  • Re-inforce learnings that allow you to speed up your activity
  • Get you to break-down and out the skills you need
  • Show you how to teach others what you learn to build your team


A good coach will drive you through the stages of competence so that you then start thinking about a higher level of intuition as demonstrated below.

Once you start to then anticipate and rely on your own internal levels of understanding and rational thought, you can then begin to expand your own levels of activity and awareness.

Property Coaching isn’t just about building a portfolio; it’s also about working with you to improve you, your mindset, your health, your level of awareness and your finances.

Speak to us today about your free coaching session.

Details & Graphical Elements taken from:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Four_stages_of_competence

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About the Author

Matthew founded Your HMO Expert in 2006 and since then have provided the authoritative place on the web to come to find out how HMO Property Investment works and how you can get started.

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